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A news release today (makes a change from Saturday mornings) adds more information to the recent ‘Every Child a Reader ..’ press release.

New 3rs guarantee and support for pupils falling behind

04 January 2010

– All pupils in the early years of primary guaranteed catch-up support if they’re falling behind including through small group or one-to-one tuition –
– £50m over two years to help deliver this guarantee and pay for more one-to-one support –
– Looked after children to get automatic one-to-one support as report shows positive impact of personal tuition –
– Thousands of teachers to start specialist training this term, all primary pupils to have entitlement to learn languages –
– More new academies open and more schools in new buildings –

As pupils go back to school this week, the Prime Minister Gordon Brown and Schools Secretary Ed Balls will today announce a new guarantee for pupils in Key Stage 1 (KS1) to ensure pupils in their first few years at primary make a flying start in reading and numbers helping them to progress through school.

The KS1 guarantee, which comes into effect in September 2011, means that where a 6-7 year old child is falling behind, the school will notify the parents and inform them of what, they as parents, can do to help their child and what additional support the school will provide, including through small group and one-to-one tuition where appropriate, to help their child catch up.

If any pupil starts to fall behind, this new guarantee means they will be offered support to catch up – teachers will be empowered to decide what support is best for each child, using their knowledge and understanding of the needs of their pupils and the type of support that will help them succeed. This could include specialist reading and number help or support from a dyslexia specialist.

With this new KS1 guarantee we now have a comprehensive ‘3Rs guarantee’ from the start of primary school through to the first year of secondary school:
• If a child start to fall behind in English or Maths in the earliest years of primary school behind, they will be guaranteed extra support to catch-up including small group tuition and intensive one-to-one tuition for an increasing number of those furthest behind
• If a child is still behind and not making progress at 7, for the first time from this September they will get 1-to-1 tuition in English and Maths.
• And if by the end of primary school a pupil is still not secure in the basics, for the first time ever from this September, pupils will have guaranteed one-to-one or small group catch-up in the first year of secondary school with a written update to parents on their progress by the end of that year.

The 3Rs guarantee is backed up by £50m to support effective interventions to help those who fall behind keep on track. The £50m would enable us to expand the Every Child a Reader and Every Child Counts programmes by a further 10,000 pupils each by 2014 but a final decision to expand these programmes will be subject to continued positive evaluation and enhancing the capacity of the programme to support the KS1 guarantee.

Currently, 30,000 pupils will benefit from these programmes from September 2010 and this money will ensure that we can do even more to support those children who need that extra help to succeed.

There will also be 4,000 specialist dyslexia teachers by 2011– following Sir Jim Rose’s review – to ensure children who need specialist support can access it.

Because of the additional and tailored support the Government is guaranteeing through the Children, Schools and Families Bill, parents can be confident that their child will receive the help they need to fulfil their potential.

Given the high representation of pupils from disadvantaged backgrounds in the underperforming group of pupils at Key Stage 1, the £50m to fund the Key Stage 1 guarantee will be allocated from funding earmarked for breaking the link between deprivation and attainment.

Ed Balls also announced that all looked after children between the ages of 7 and 11 will get automatic guaranteed one-to-one tuition as an independent report finds that personal tuition has a positive impact on progress.

By March 2011, 300,000 pupils will have received extra support from one-to-one tuition in English and 300,000 pupils in maths to help them catch-up and reach their full potential.

So far 37,000 teachers have already signed up to become personal tutors and today the Government publishes ‘Making Good Progress’, an independent report from PricewaterhouseCoopers which found that one-to-one tuition had a positive impact on pupil progress, with just one course of tuition helping pupils to make real improvements in class and 90 per cent of tutors saying it helped pupils become more confident and interested in their work.

The Prime Minister Gordon Brown said:

“I want every child to have the best start in life. This guarantee will ensure any child who is struggling will have the support they need to fulfil their potential.

“I want to continue to raise standards across the board and this approach, coupled with an increase of specialist teachers in primary schools in key subjects like maths and foreign languages, will help them succeed in school and get the skills they need to get good quality jobs in the future. This is also vital for the country in being able to compete and prosper as the economy grows again.”

Ed Balls, Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, said:

“100,000 more children are leaving primary school reaching the expected level in English and 100,000 more in maths compared to 1997, but we now need to go further.

“No child should stall or get stuck at any stage of their education. We know that many children at certain points of their school life benefit from short bursts of tailored, individual support, alongside effective class teaching. That is why I am announcing a new guarantee for those pupils who are falling behind at KS1, and confirming that all looked after children will automatically receive 1-2-1 tuition so that all children can leave primary school with the basic skills they need. Today’s PWC report backs up why were so committed to providing this additional support to pupils falling behind.

“Personal tuition must not be the preserve of those who can afford it – but must be available to all who need it. And even though money is going to be tighter over the years ahead by protecting schools spending, making tough choices and reducing inefficiency we can afford to make this pledge.”


The Government is today setting goal that every teacher is to have chance to study for Masters over next 10 years to further improve the teaching workforce, both to increase the status of the profession, and help with school standards. As part of this offer for teachers, from January this year, around 4,000 newly qualified teachers in the North West and at National Challenge schools who started in September 2009 will be able sign up for the new Masters in Teaching and Learning (MTL) qualification.

Newly Qualified Teachers (NQTs) taking up post from September 2009 in schools in the North West and in National Challenge schools across England will be eligible to access the Masters. NQTs starting in 2010 in challenging school across England will also be eligible.

The UK already scores very well in international comparisons, but as part of the drive to raise standards in Maths, this term sees the first full cohort of 1800 primary teachers start training to become Maths Specialist Teachers, with a new incentive of £3000 to get the best to become maths leaders. With these teachers and the extra 1-2-1 support for pupils in maths these reforms will help all pupils to make progress in Maths.

The maths specialist teachers programme was a response to the Williams Maths Review. A pilot programme began in October 2008 where over 50 teachers across 7 local authorities were put through training to become specialist teachers in maths.

The pilot has been a success with teachers on the training finding the programme beneficial, helping them improve subject knowledge and teaching methods, as well as more confidence and sharing knowledge with other teachers.

The programme is now being rolled out nationwide this January, as part of the Government’s commitment to have at least one Mathematics Specialist Teacher in each primary school over the coming decade to support teachers and boost standards.

Sir Peter Williams, Treasurer of the Royal Society and Chancellor of the University of Leicester, carried out a major independent review of maths in primary school in 2008. His recommendations to improve the quality of maths teaching were accepted in full by the DCSF last year.


As Mandarin becomes a GCSE this year, the Government is also today setting out their aspiration that all secondary school pupils should have the opportunity to learn languages like Mandarin if they choose and called for all primary schools to make sure they provide pupils with their entitlement to learn a foreign language from this year.

Through language partnerships between schools, Ministers want every school to have access to specialist teachers, and are encouraging Heads to join up with neighbouring schools to share knowledge and expertise to give all pupils the chance to learn.

From this year, all key stage 2 children in England should have the opportunity to learn a language in class time. This comes a year ahead of foreign languages becoming a compulsory part of the national curriculum for children over seven, which will allow schools to choose which language to teach, from Arabic to Mandarin, Japanese to French.

On top of putting more specialist language teachers into schools, Teach First is into its second year of a pilot to recruit the best language graduates to become specialist teachers in the most challenging schools, for two years.

Teach First is highly successful in secondary schools and the primary pilot has been designed to encourage the best candidates into the profession, and attract more specialist primary teachers.

To back up the Government’s commitment to get all children learning a language for at least 6 years, it has invested £7 million in training around 5,000 specialist primary language teachers since 2003 the most primary subject specialists to have ever been trained. Around one thousand more will start courses in September 2010, which means that around 7,000 language specialists will have been through the intensive training by September 2011, when learning a foreign language become a compulsory part of the primary curriculum.

Schools Secretary Ed Balls said:

“In this new decade our ties with emerging economies like China will become even more important and it’s vital that young people are equipped with the skills which they need, and British businesses need too, in order to succeed in a rapidly changing world.

“That’s why we want all secondary pupils to have the opportunity to learn up and coming languages like Mandarin if they choose, either at their own school or a nearby school or college.

“And to ensure children develop a love for languages early on, I want primary school pupils to be able to learn a foreign language from this year. That’s why we have invested £7 million in training 5,000 language specialist teachers with more to start training later this year as we make languages compulsory from the age of 7 in 2011.

“A growing number of schools are now teaching Mandarin and in the coming years I think we will see this subject sitting alongside French, Spanish and German as one of the most popular languages for young people to learn.

“At the heart of any excellent schools system are good teachers and we are continuing to invest in the schools workforce. The specialist maths teacher programme and the new Masters in Teaching and Learning add increased specialism and status to the teaching profession and will mean that our teaching standards remain excellent.

“Record investment and bold reforms have made a real difference to children and young people. Exam results have never been higher and schools, academies and colleges across the country are being rebuilt as part of the biggest investment in buildings for decades.”

This new term also sees three new Academies opening. The Academies programme has helped transform standards for pupils across the country, and the new openers bring the overall total of open Academies to 203.

12 schools also move into their new buildings this term. They join the 132 other schools who have already benefited from the Building Schools for the Future programme which will see all secondary schools across the country refurbished or rebuilt, the biggest capital investment in schools since Victorian times.

Editor’s Notes
This press notice relates to ‘England’

1. Falling behind refers to pupils not on track to achieve level 2 by the end of KS1. The £50m will be provided over 2011-12 and 2012-13.

2. The Government will today publish an evaluation of the Making Good Progress pilot, which ran September 2007 to July 2009 in around 450 schools across England

3. The Making Good Progress pilot was designed to look at new ways of improving pupil progress in primary and secondary schools. Along with one-to-one tuition, the programme also focused on assessment for learning, introduced single level tests – taken when a pupil is ready – and trialled an incentive payment for schools whose pupils entered the key stage behind national expectations and went on to make at least two National Curriculum levels of progress. The independent evaluation by PriceWaterhouseCoopers involved school visits, focus groups and surveys with parents, pupils, and teachers, as well as interviews with head teachers, local authority pilot leaders and national stakeholders. The majority of people interviewed in schools said the pilot had contributed to increased rates of progression for pupils. The report can be found at:

A research brief is available at:
4. Following the publication of Sir Jim Rose’s report in June 2009 we committed £10m to implement 19 recommendations including to provide funding to train around 4,000 specialist dyslexia teachers over the next two years; improving support and guidance to schools and parents; and strengthening intervention programmes.

5. The 2009 CBI business Education and skills survey found that “The vast potential of new markets in China is leading a significant proportion of firms (38%) to recruit staff who speak Mandarin or Cantonese, and many firms are also looking for staff with language skills to help them build on their links with markets in Japan and Korea.”

Of employers who are looking for staff with a foreign language:

52% were looking for French
43% German
38% Mandarin/Cantonese
28% Spanish
22% Polish
21% Russian
15% Arabic

6. This term also sees three new Academies opening – Sleaford Academy, Lincolnshire Maltby Academy, Rotherham and North Birmingham Academy. The Academies programme has helped transform standards for pupils across the country, and the new openers bring the overall total of open Academies to 203.